Cystitis

3)  Cystitis

– this is a urine infection and is very painful. It is transferable to other guinea pigs as they are so low to the ground.

What to do about cystitis – get him on his own in a box or cage with white towels, to monitor any blood in the urine. He may be wet underneath and dribbling wee with a bad smell. Keep him washed and dry underneath. A prescription-only medicine. from the vet is required. We usually use Septrin Paediatric, a very effective antibiotic @ 0.5mls, twice daily but you will probably be prescribed Baytril. Give a pain killer, usually Metacam, twice daily from the vet. If you are unable to get Metacam, you can use children’s nurofen from the chemist @ 0.2 mls, twice daily for 7-14 days, depending on severity. You may like to get him in a slightly tilted, clean plastic box and suck up a small urine sample collected in the corner, into a 1ml syringe. Leave the syringe, then look to see if there is any sediment. This could be a sign of bladder stones. An xray will give a definitive diagnosis. Vet bed, which is a one-way weave material can be used in the hutch to help him to stay dry underneath. Change the newspaper underneath daily and keep him warm.

Causes of cystitis – it is often poor diet and/or poor hygiene. Lettuce (apart from romaine occasionally) should not be given. Giving lettuce can cause them to get wet underneath which can lead to urine infections. Too much high calcium veg can also be to blame. Please see our diet sheet on the website

more hay and less veg!

Prognosis for cystitis – good with the correct care

Prevention of cystitis – ample living space. Good hygiene. A balanced diet. See website

clean drinking water with no algae in the bottle as this can harbour bacteria.

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